Shares of Allergan Plc soared Tuesday after news broke that the company was being acquired by pharmaceutical giant AbbVie Inc. in a deal worth about $63 billion.
The Wall Street Journal broke the news Tuesday morning, shortly before the companies released a joint press statement announcing the deal. The Wall Street Journal and MarketWatch share common ownership.
Under the terms of the deal, Allergan shareholders will receive $188.24 in cash and stock for each Allergan share — a 45% premium over Botox maker’s closing share price on Monday. The per-share bid is comprised of $120.30 in cash and 0.8660 shares of AbbVie stock.
The news came as a surprise to Wall Street analysts; they had expected Allergan to split in an effort to boost shareholder value. But most agreed that it was an excellent thing for Allergan shareholders.
It’s “a major bailout for Allergan shareholders that before today were hoping for a split as a salvaging event,” Jefferies health-care trading desk strategist Jared Holz wrote in an email to clients Tuesday morning.
It has been a rough couple of years for Allergan, whose stock lost about half of its value from a two-year high of $256.15 in July 2017, a decline driven by drug trial setbacks and falling sales due to generic competition. Generic versions of Allergan’s Estrace vaginal cream, Alzheimer’s drug Namenda and benign prostatic hyperplasia drug Rapaflo entered the market in 2018, and blockbuster dry-eye treatment Restasis is losing patent protection. The company has said that more products will lose patent protection in the next few years.
Investors have also been worried about the future of the company’s biggest earner, Botox, which is used to smooth out wrinkles and treat migraines. Despite higher year-over-year sales, rival anti-wrinkle treatments like Evolus Inc.’s EOLS, +6.28% Jeauveau, Nestlé SA’s NESN, -1.35% Dysport and Merz Group’s Xeomin are entering the market, threatening Allergan’s market share in the space.
Botox also faces competition from other injectable migraine treatments, such as calcitonin gene-related peptide inhibitors from Amgen Inc. AMGN, -0.11% , Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. TEVA, +1.03% and Eli Lilly & Co. LLY, +0.12% .
More recently, investors were rattled by the failure of Allergan’s depression drug rapastinel — considered by many to be the drugmaker’s next big blockbuster drug — in clinical trials earlier this year, leading the company to book a goodwill impairment of $2.47 billion in the first quarter.
Before Tuesday, Allergan was facing increasingly impatient calls from investors to take sweeping measures for change at the company, including splitting up the company and separating the roles of chairman and CEO.
“It looks as though the Allergan shareholders will finally be rewarded for their patience,” Marc Goodman of SVB Leerink wrote in a note to clients Tuesday.
However, the $188-per-share bid is too low, he wrote, and can’t believe the bid isn’t at least $200. He wonders whether AbbVie was “opportunistically pursuing a wounded stock” — and if so, whether this could mean other companies will pursue Allergan as well.
Allergan’s stock has still lost 3.2% over the past 12 months and AbbVie shares have shed 27%, while the SPDR Health Care Select Sector exchange-traded fund XLV, -0.05% has rallied 11% and the S&P 500 index SPX, -0.20% has gained 8.2%.
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